Did you know... interesting Catholic History & Terminology

Did You Know?...

...the Apostle Peter (also called Cephas John 1:42),
considered by the Catholic Church as the 1st Pope, was married? (1 Cor 9:5)

...the Apostle Peter was corrected by the Apostle Paul. (Gal 2:11-21) - the Catholic Church teaches that the Pope is infallible on doctrinal matters.

...the Apostles established many independent Christian churches with the head being Jesus Christ. It wasn't until the 3rd century that Christian churches agreed to fall under the church  ocated in Rome. Some Christian churches, such as the Egyptian Coptic church established by Saint Mark in 48 AD, did not subject to Rome.

...for over 500 years there was not a sacrifice of Jesus at the Mass?

...for over a 1000 years there was not a rosary..., missing Mass was not a Mortal sin..., and there was no sale of Indulgences?

...for over 1200 years there was no Transubstantiation..., there was not a requirement for the confession of sin to a priest?

...for over 1500 years the additional books in the Catholic Bible (Apocrypha) were not Catholic canon..., the Bible was the only inspired document (Catholic Church canon is taught to be equal to the Bible)?

...for over 1900 years Mary was not a co-redeemer?

...limbo is no longer! Since the 418AD, limbo was taught but in 2007 the pope said that it was never "official" so it's a possibility but also writes there is a stronger belief that infants that died before they were not baptized will go to heaven. This stronger belief is right but for 1,600 years many grieved for their children since limbo was considered on
the edge of hell.

These, and many more, are significant changes for the Catholic Church.

Helpful Definitions...

Transubstantiation - the process of converting the host into the living body of Christ during a Mass. Through the ritual of the Mass, wafer becomes Jesus Christ - alive! Before given, the priest states, "The body of Christ." The person replies with "Amen" to state that he confirms this is the living body of Jesus Christ.

Indulgences – Because the Catholic Church believes that everyone must pay for their sins (rather than Jesus paying for their sins), its belief that a soul will go to a holding place for torment until the sins are cleansed (rather than going to heaven or hell). This place has been defined as Purgatory. The Catholic Church has established that a Catholic can reduce the time of the deceased person’s soul that is in Purgatory by praying for that soul. The more prayers for that person’s soul, the quicker that person goes to heaven. To help Catholics with the volume of prayers the sale Indulgences was created. This allowed a person to make donations in exchange (purchase) for prayers, which were recited monks, priests, etc. This practice still exists today and has been affirmed through the Catechism.


Mortal Sin - Like being "mortally wounded," the result is death. A Catholic who performs one of the sins that is classified as "Mortal," such as murder, adultery, or missing mass on Sunday, must go to confession and to have the sin absolved allowing the sinner to be able to go to heaven after he pays for his sin in Purgatory (see Indulgences ).


Apocrypha - Additional books that the Catholic Church has decided to be included into the Catholic Bible. These books refer to Old Testament times but have never been part of the Hebrew Bible, which is used to translate the Old Testament into all other languages. They are derived from the Septuagint (the Greek version of the Old Testament plus additional books used in the time of Jesus). These books were canonized (became doctrine of faith) by the Council of Trent in 1546. They are not used in non-Catholic Bibles, such as King James, New American Standard, New International Version, etc.
It should be noted that only 12 of the 17 additional books in the Septuagint are accepted by the Roman Catholic Church as doctrine. Therefore, even the Catholic Church doesn't consider all of the books in the Septuagint as the Word of God but historical. Catholic theologians often state that Protestants removed these books from the Bible. Since these books were not in the Old Testament Hebrew Bible and written as historical not as divine documents, Protestants apply these 17 books historical allowing a consistent test of "all or none."

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